File Name: library rules and regulation in hindi .zip
The members shall be responsible for the misuse of lost Identity Card if library suffers any loss. General Library Rules and Regulations The users shall maintain perfect order and silence in the library and should switch off their Mobiles or keep them on vibration mode. Making noise, spiting, smoking and to visit the library in intoxicated condition is strictly prohibited in the library.
Hours, Collections, and Services Updates for Spring We are thrilled to announce we have acquired the archive of the late playwright and Pittsburgh native son August Wilson, best known for his unprecedented American Century Cycle —ten plays that convey the Black experience in each decade of the 20th century. All ten of the plays have had Broadway productions and two earned Wilson the Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
Back to Top. The information and resources below are provided on a non-exhaustive basis but will be updated regularly. It is based on publicly available information, and that submitted to updates ifla. We welcome additional ideas, references, suggestions and corrections to this address. For more information, please see the call for submissions.
Coronavirus refers to a family of viruses. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.
Common symptoms include fever, tiredness and a dry cough. Other symptoms include shortness of breath, aches and pains, sore throat, and very few people will report diarrhoea, nausea or a runny nose. The best way to prevent and slow down transmission is be well informed about the COVID virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads.
The COVID virus spreads primarily through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. National authorities around the world are working to gather information about numbers of tests, infections and consequences. You should turn first to your national authorities for this information, as they should have the most recent data. At the global level, the WHO is releasing daily updates on the situation.
The Centre for Systems Science and Engineering at Johns Hopkins University is also maintaining a global map live , including figures on numbers of recovered patients. This is being used regularly in media reporting. Libraries around the world are facing hard choices around which services to offer and how, ranging from minimal restrictions to full closure. We are aware that governments themselves are taking different approaches, sometimes ordering the closure of all institutions, others indicating that life should continue as usual, and others simply leaving decisions up to library directors.
Clearly any decision to restrict services or close a library is a difficult one and needs to be taken following an assessment of the relative risks. Libraries in the Czech Republic have, in the face of rising case-numbers, moved to cancel events again until the end of October. In many of these, university libraries are also closed. Some have re-opened and subsequently closed, in response to wider developments, such as was the case with Albania.
We welcome updates to this information at updates ifla. Libraries in different parts of the world are facing very different situations, from broadly maintaining a full service to complete closure.
Drawing on experience around the world, libraries and librarians are finding themselves in one of a number of situations:. Business more or less as usual : in some countries, cases of the virus have been limited and governments have not taken any specific measures. Nonetheless, normal recommendations around good hygiene apply. In this situation, libraries are, for example:. Some restrictions : there are more cases, and governments are beginning to act in order to limit larger events, as well as actively encouraging people to take extra measures to protect hygiene.
Minimal service : in many countries there are stricter measures still, with tougher limits on public gatherings, specific warnings for people at risk, and closures in the most affected regions. In these situations, libraries are, for example:.
Full closure : where measures are strictest, libraries have either been forced to close, or have chosen to do so following consideration of the risks to users and staff. Preparing for re-opening: in a number of countries, there are already steps towards lifting restrictions, at least partially, with libraries potentially part of this. Timings remains uncertain, and clearly safety should be a priority. In this situation, libraries are:. Please see the section on re-opening libraries below for more information on this topic.
In the light of the above, the WHO recommends in general that people should practice respiratory etiquette for example, by coughing into a flexed elbow, or a tissue that they immediately throw away. Known COVID hotspots should be avoided, especially if you, or those you live with, are older or otherwise vulnerable for example, you or they have diabetes, heart or lung disease. People with mild symptoms who are otherwise healthy should self-isolate and contact their medical provider or a COVID information line for advice on testing and referral.
People with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor and seek medical attention. There are many more resources available on the WHO website. Furthermore, in precedence to the information given below, we encourage libraries to seek advice from your national public health agency, and of course to follow the guidance that already exists. Where libraries form part of wider institutions — such as universities or schools — it is desirable that they are involved in planning and management of crisis response, as has for example been the case at the Duque do Caixas campus of the Federal Library of Rio de Janeiro.
A key question for many in the library field has been around the risk of infection through contact with materials carrying coronavirus. There is nonetheless emerging research in the New England Journal of Medicine , and the Journal of Hospital Infection into the survival of the virus, both in the air and on different types of surface.
It appears that it survives for longer on plastics and steel, and for less long on cardboard or copper, although these tests took place in laboratory conditions and infection risk does fall over time. A webinar organised by the Institute of Museum and Library Services in the United States echoed this, suggesting that the risk from paper was low, with hard, regularly touched services posing more of a risk.
Outside of the library field — for example in postal services — ordinary precautions appear to apply when handling paper or cardboard. What does seem more likely is that other surfaces — such as door handles, keyboards, mice, CDs and DVDs, toys or VR headsets — could carry the virus, and so should be regularly cleaned or removed from circulation.
Nonetheless, where there is a chance that a book or other piece of equipment has been in close contact with someone ill, it may be appropriate to wait or use safe cleaning practices. The general recommendation remains to take care — a point also echoed by the French government. This will look to assess the risks around particular materials and services, with a view to helping libraries make choices as they decide how to re-open and resume services. The project has now published a first key output — a review of the available literature.
This looks across research papers, both those which have and have not been subject to peer review yet, and coming from a variety of fields. While this material will be helpful for those developing strategies, the authors are clear that research is still at an early stage, and evidence is coming from a wide range of different contexts. The REALM project has also published the plan for testing the survival of the virus on different materials and surfaces, as well as a systematic review of the available literature.
The first results from laboratory tests have also been released, underlining that after three days of quarantine, virus could not be detected on previously contaminated hardback and softback books, or on papers inside books, plastic covers and DVD covers.
The materials to be tested in a fourth round — this time stacked together — has also been announced , and will cover DVD and CD cases, hardcover books, softcover books, plastic-coated books, and expanded polyethylene foam. This has found that the virus does indeed last longer in these situations. A fifth round of testing will focus on museums more commonly found in museums, although will also include leather book bindings.
In the light of this, we are aware that some libraries have imposed a wait period quarantine before handling returned books, while others have made it clear that no-one is expected to return books until things return to normal.
For example, Public Health England has suggested that the risk posed by cardboard can be considered negligible after 24 hours, and plastic after 72 hours, a position also adopted by the Austrian Library Associatio n. Not all libraries are imposing quarantines however, with Danish libraries for example not doing so, on the basis that the risk of infection in society as a whole, coupled with the relatively low risk from books, means that this is not worth it.
Similarly, the effects of quarantine on the possibility for students to access textbooks is becoming a concern in some US universities. Some of this guidance is now being relaxed , on the basis both of emerging evidence and in the light of reduced rates of prevalence of the virus. For example, quarantining is no longer mandatory in Flanders, the Czech Republic, and Slovenia, while in France, times have been reduced. For materials with plastic covers, such as DVDs, cleaning with alcohol wipes has been suggested by the Australian Library and Information Association and others, allowing these to go back into circulation immediately.
There are differing approaches to the merits of cleaning books, with the Austrian guidance suggesting that heat treatment will work, while others suggest that there may be risk to materials, and so quarantine is safer. The German library association has echoed this advice, while the Austrian has noted that readers should not moisten their fingers before turning pages, and suggests using a slightly alkaline cleaner for book covers.
The Dutch National Library has instructed readers not to use hand-sanitiser, but rather to wash hands with soap and water before handling works, in order not to cause damage. Meanwhile, the libraries of National Autonomous University of Mexico underline that books should not be kept in plastic bags.
They have also set out a detailed protocol on how to manage returned or other incoming books to the library through a system of colour-coded zones associated with different activities. Where users are working with course materials, the Dutch libraries authorities have recommended reducing risk and logistical issues by encouraging users to take these home and to come with their own paper and pens , rather than leaving them at the library.
As for computer equipment — generally accepted to carry a higher risk — much guidance focuses on looking to disinfect this. Similarly in Helsingborg, Sweden , continuing to offer digital skills services was seen as the last thing to be shut down in the plans for some branches.
Others, such as in Helsingborg, Sweden and Topeka, Kansas, plan to ensure presence of library staff to disinfect computers after use. The Danish guidance continues to warn against allowing public use of computers, given potential complexities in cleaning. In Geneva, some school libraries are leaving baskets in each classroom for returns.
When handling newly returned materials, the Australian Library and Information Association see link in the re-opening libraries section recommends using gloves when handling newly returned books, and then throwing the gloves away immediately afterwards.
Others have suggested though that gloves can also damage materials in some cases, and that regular hand-washing may also work. The French government guidance, for example, does not suggest gloves, but rather cotton overalls which can then be taken off and washed.
The Croatian National and University Library see links below notes that legal deposit copies should also be treated with care, with the packaging in which they arrived removed carefully and thrown away in special bins.
Once gathered, clearly, the need to store books may cause logistical problems, especially for smaller institutions. French guidance suggests that if a dedicated room cannot be found, specific parts of the library should be used and kept inaccessible from the public , or even external storage used. Furthermore, they suggest, there should be efforts to limit the number of staff working with such materials, and to provide them with adequate protective equipment.
Noting the potential logistical issues that this may entail, some American guidance has noted the potential to use portable storage solutions. As for efforts to disinfect works, the National Library of China too is currently using isolation and static sterilisation of works, although plans to set up a centralised book return centre and disinfection centre using ultraviolet and ozone disinfection equipment. In such cases, the Institute, like the U.
Library of Congress , advises that time itself is a good disinfectant. As for disinfection of buildings as a whole, public libraries in Mexico City are being recommended to avoid this where possible, given the risk of damage to books.
There are many other useful resources on the NCPTT site on the subject of how to treat historical materials. Meanwhile, waste that may be contaminated may be usefully kept separate for a number of days, as the Estonian guidance suggests, in order to limit risks to others.
The Czech guidance see below also suggests that readers should be made aware of risk, with those wanting to able to leave a book for a few days before using it. In this case, the guidance suggests that borrowing periods can be extended. Meanwhile, for staff , basic hygiene measures, such as washing hands thoroughly with soap and water, avoiding touching the face, with a number of countries also recommending masks and gloves, at least where these do not harm materials.
Coughing, sneezing, and even talking tends to mean that potentially contagious droplets are emitted into the air. The recommended distance varies from country to country but appears not to be below 1m ft , and is often more. This may not always be possible. In the United States for example , we have seen libraries proactively ask authorities for closures where they feel that the risk to users and staff is too high.
Users are divided into the following categories - their entitlements, maximum number of books and number of days of issue is proposed in the following table. Instructors have the privileges to get the text books issued for the whole of the semester. A fine of 5 five rupees per day per book will be charged from the defaulting members. The collected fine will be deposited in accounts section and proper receipt will be provided to the member. Membership to the newcomers will be given against request and recommendation by the competent authority like office order etc. Users can also renew the books again after the completion of charging period, subject to not being requested from some other user. This is only from Reference section after 8.
Library management systems LMS , also known as integrated library systems, are used by libraries to inventory collections and manage user records. The LMS stores personal information collected from users for a variety of reasons and maintains records of what items users borrow, the holds they place, and fines or fees they may incur. In addition, the LMS may share data with or provides services to other systems employed by the library, for example to provide authentication for online resources. Libraries must work to ensure that their procedures and practices for managing the LMS reflect library ethics, policies, and legal obligations concerning user privacy and confidentiality. Agreements between libraries and vendors should specify that libraries retain ownership of all data; that the vendor agrees to observe the library's privacy, data retention, and security policies; and that the vendor agrees to bind any third parties it uses in delivering services to these policies as well. These guidelines are issued by ALA to provide libraries using LMS with information about appropriate data management and security practices in respect to library users' personally identifiable information and data about their reading habits and use of library resources.
Rules & Regulations. General Rules. Strict silence, decorum and discipline must be maintained in the library. Use.
The University Library is on a rapid and consistent path of expansion and development since its inception in , catering to the learning and research requirements of teachers and students of the university. It is fully air-conditioned and is located at a central place in the Academic Block with state-of-the-art seating facility, apart from a quiet and restoring ambience. The interior of the library is enabled with Wi-Fi connectivity allowing the users to work within the library by accessing both offline and online resources.
The word "library" seems to be used in so many different aspects now, from the brick-and-mortar public library to the digital library. Institutional libraries, organized to facilitate access by a specific clientele, are staffed by librarians and other personnel trained to provide services to meet user needs. By extension, the room, building, or facility that houses such a collection, usually but not necessarily built for that purpose.
A school library or a school library media center is a library within a school where students, staff, and often, parents of a public or private school have access to a variety of resources. The goal of the school library media center is to ensure that all members of the school community have equitable access "to books and reading, to information, and to information technology. A school library serves as the center and coordinating agency for all material used in the school. Researchers have demonstrated that school libraries have a positive impact on student achievement through the more than 60 studies that have been conducted in 19 U. The major finding of these studies was that students with access to a well-supported school library media program with a qualified school library media specialist, scored higher on reading assessments regardless of their socio-economic statuses.
Back to Top. The information and resources below are provided on a non-exhaustive basis but will be updated regularly. It is based on publicly available information, and that submitted to updates ifla.
Сьюзан была понятна боль, которую испытывал шеф. Его так просто обвели вокруг пальца. Танкадо не собирался продавать свой алгоритм никакой компьютерной компании, потому что никакого алгоритма не. Цифровая крепость оказалась фарсом, наживкой для Агентства национальной безопасности. Когда Стратмор предпринимал какой-либо шаг, Танкадо стоял за сценой, дергая за веревочки.
Но мой брат… - Сэр, если ваш брат целый день целовался в парке с девчонкой, то это значит, что она работает не в нашем агентстве. У нас очень строгие правила относительно контактов клиента и сопровождающего. - Но… - Вы спутали нас с кем-то другим. У нас всего две рыженькие, Иммакулада и Росио, и ни та ни другая не станут ни с кем спать за деньги. Потому что это проституция, а она в Испании строжайше запрещена.
- Беккеру нравилось это немецкое слово, означающее убийство. От него так и веяло холодом.
Он не дал волю гневу, а лишь преисполнился решимости. Когда службы безопасности выдворяли его из страны, он успел сказать несколько слов Стратмору, причем произнес их с ледяным спокойствием: - Мы все имеем право на тайну. И я постараюсь это право обеспечить. ГЛАВА 7 Мозг Сьюзан лихорадочно работал: Энсей Танкадо написал программу, с помощью которой можно создавать шифры, не поддающиеся взлому. Она никак не могла свыкнуться с этой мыслью.
Семистраничная доктрина сжато излагала программу его работы: защищать системы связи американского правительства и перехватывать сообщения зарубежных государств. На крыше главного служебного здания АНБ вырос лес из более чем пятисот антенн, среди которых были две большие антенны, закрытые обтекателями, похожими на громадные мячи для гольфа. Само здание также было гигантских размеров - его площадь составляла более двух миллионов квадратных футов, вдвое больше площади штаб-квартиры ЦРУ. Внутри было протянуто восемь миллионов футов телефонного кабеля, общая площадь постоянно закрытых окон составляла восемьдесят тысяч квадратных футов.
И конечно… ТРАНСТЕКСТ.
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