File Name: beggar thy neighbor a history of usury and debt file.zip
During the first two decades of the 21st century, a wide anthropological literature has tackled the social nature of debt and credit under contemporary capitalism, with its increasing centrality linked to financialization processes that involve the commodification of different kinds of debt. Indebtedness appears in different modalities and reaches different scales: that of individuals or households consumption credit, mortgages , that of entrepreneurs and firms microcredits, corporate debt , and that of national economies and public administrations sovereign debt. For critical scholars, acts of borrowing should not be seen as the result of rational choice, but as a behavior naturalized by a neoliberal regime of accumulation where credit plays a central role, and where indebtedness is a precondition for social reproduction, especially among the poor. Although operational definitions of the notion of overindebtedness tend to focus on objective indicators and normative statements, a number of authors advocate for the exploration of its subjective dimension: when is debt experienced as a burden? Overindebtedness, on the one hand, has an impact on material living conditions, as it leads to economic precariousness, impoverishment, and dispossession. On the other hand, it also has political effects: if power relations between creditors and debtors are taken into account, it entails the disciplining and disempowerment of borrowers, who are forced to adopt a neoliberal ethos.
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Whether loans were made in cash or in kind, unscrupu- lous lenders were said to be practicing a beggar-thy-neighbor policy by ensuring that the borrowers were.
From the Roman Empire to the most recent financial crisis, this comprehensive economic history examines humanity's attempts to curb the abuse of debt while reaping the benefits of credit. The broad historic sweep that [Geisst] brings to this study impresses. He starts from before banks even existed, with a debate that continues today over interest rate ceilings, and it's evident that we are indebted to religious institutions, both Catholic and Jewish, for the foundational practices of money handling, borrowing, loaning, and repaying. Geisst takes us on a splendid tour of the law of usury from ancient times to the present.
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ГЛАВА 76 У подъезда севильского аэропорта стояло такси с работающим на холостом ходу двигателем и включенным счетчиком. Пассажир в очках в тонкой металлической оправе, вглядевшись сквозь стеклянную стену аэровокзала, понял, что прибыл вовремя. Он увидел светловолосую девушку, помогающую Дэвиду Беккеру найти стул и сесть. Беккера, по-видимому, мучила боль.
Опустив руки, он незаметными быстрыми движениями соединял кончики пальцев. Перед его глазами появилось сообщение, которое он должен был отправить. ТЕМА СООБЩЕНИЯ: П. КЛУШАР - ЛИКВИДИРОВАН Он улыбнулся. Часть задания заключалась в немедленном уведомлении.
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