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Difference Between Type1 And Type 2 Diabetes Pdf

difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes pdf

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The difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is important to understand. There are three major types of diabetes as well as rarer types. All types of diabetes cause blood glucose levels to be higher than normal. Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but is most commonly diagnosed from infancy to the late 30s. The only treatment for type 1 diabetes is insulin , which is usually injected or infused via a pump.

Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes

Southbank Medical Centre. Our bodies cells and organs need energy in order to perform various functions. Although many tissues use fat or proteins as a source of energy, some organs such as the brain and red blood cells rely on glucose for energy needs. A hormone called insulin, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas helps to convert blood sugar into usable energy, it also helps to control blood sugar levels and keep them in the normal range. Sometimes the pancreas is unable to produce enough or any insulin or fails to use insulin well, this results in an increase in the blood glucose sugar levels. This can lead to an increase in the sugar levels in our blood.

Before you go...

Even some people who have diabetes struggle to understand what makes these two diseases different. But T1D and T2D are actually very different diseases, with different causes, treatments, and outlooks. But, if you are really unlucky, it is possible to have both at the same time. So how are these two chronic illnesses different? And if they are so different, how did they end up with the same name? Over 30 million Americans have diabetes.

difference between type1 and type 2 diabetes pdf


Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes are not the same disease. Learn about the differences between the two, and how each affects the body. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes share the problem of high levels of blood sugar. The inability to control blood sugar causes the symptoms and the complications of both types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes affects just 5 percent of those adults, with type 2 diabetes affecting up to 95 percent.

Type 1 diabetes must be considered in patients of any age or weight who present with a new onset of diabetes and an unclear clinical picture. This is especially true in children, even if they are overweight. Although no test can distinguish definitively between type 1 and type 2 diabetes, several laboratory studies may be helpful when the diagnosis is not clinically clear. Providers should consider obtaining consultation if they are unfamiliar with the use of these tests or how to make a diagnosis in a complex patient. The results for tests to measure endogenous insulin secretion may be low in type 2 diabetes patients with glucose toxicity.

Diabetes: The differences between types 1 and 2

Do you want to see a cure for diabetes in your lifetime? Stay updated on our latest breakthroughs in research and patient care. Look for an email from us soon. Attention Joslin Patients:.

Coronavirus latest. Although type 1 and type 2 diabetes both have stuff in common, there are lots of differences. Like what causes them, who they affect, and how you should manage them.

The demographic, clinical, metabolic, and genetic characteristics of all patients were analyzed.. No differences were observed in distribution according to sex, age of onset, or form of diagnosis. In contrast, No differences were observed in body mass index, prevalence of hypertension, or microvascular or macrovascular complications. Diabetes mellitus has been traditionally classified according to the age of symptom onset juvenile diabetes and adultonset diabetes. Later, in , the National Diabetes Data Group of the National Institutes of Health proposed a classification system based on the patient's therapeutic needs insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or non-insulindependent diabetes mellitus. In , an international committee of experts analyzed the knowledge accumulated thus far and recommended a new classification based on the etiology and pathogenesis of diabetes which was subsequently endorsed by the American Diabetes Association and the World Health Organization 1.

Both types of diabetes are chronic diseases that affect the way your body regulates blood sugar, or glucose. Insulin is that key. You can think of it as not having a key.

We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes both occur when the body cannot properly store and use glucose, which is essential for energy. Sugar, or glucose, collects in the blood and does not reach the cells that need it, which can lead to serious complications.

Diabetes: The differences between types 1 and 2


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