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Difference Between Present Perfect And Past Simple Pdf

difference between present perfect and past simple pdf

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English Language Learners Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for speakers of other languages learning English. It only takes a minute to sign up. I've been reading this question. I have also been reading this pdf. From these two sources it appears that there is no difference between Present-perfect-tense and Simple-past-tense.

Present Perfect or Past Simple?

How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy.

Well, what are tenses? Tenses, as some of you may already know, are a way of measuring time. Tenses tell us whether a particular action has already happened, is happening or will happen.

Every sentence we speak or write in English is in one of these tenses. The verbs we use tell us which tense is being used. If the verb form changes, the tense changes and vice versa. In English, there are three main tenses: past, present and future. It happened yesterday or even earlier Past : I talked to Mary yesterday.

It happened today or right now Present : I am talking to Mary on the phone. It will happen tomorrow or even later Future : I will talk tho Mary at work tomorrow. I personally found the model of using y esterday, today and t omorrow to memorize the three tenses of past, present and future to be very useful.

These are simple, continuous, perfect and perfect continuous. The best way to explain this is to rewrite the above example in each of the sub-tenses. Past Continuous: I was talking to Mary when you came in.

Past Perfect: I had talked to Mary before eating dinner. Past Perfect Continuous: I had been talking to Mary for two hours before we finally hung up. Present Continuous: I am talking to Mary right now. Present Perfect: I have talked to Mary before. Present Perfect Continuous: I have been talking to Mary for three hours now. Simple Future: I will talk to Mary tomorrow. Future Continuous: I will be talking to Mary on the train ride tomorrow. Future Perfect: I will have talked to Mary by next week.

Future Perfect Continuous: I will have been talking to Mary for two hours at The past simple also called the simple past , as the name suggests, is the tense we use to talk about any action or event that has already happened. Moreover, we use this tense when we know the exact or specific details of the time of the event such as yesterday, the previous winter, last year, five hours ago and so on. In other words, the event is already over and finished.

I wrote a few lines of the story in my notebook last week. He went on an exchange program two years ago. I talked to Maria on the phone five minutes ago. In each example, the action was finished within a certain time frame. In short, the simple past is used when talk about events that already finished. This point will become clearer once we get to present perfect. But verb conjugation can be tricky to get a hang of. For regular verbs, there are a few rules regarding how to convert them.

But for irregular verbs , you need to memorize the verb forms. She walked home from the party. He ate a pizza for dinner. Yes, the present perfect is one of the forms of the present tense. But we normally use it to talk about events that have already happened.

These events may be ongoing or completed but usually, the events took place recently and the time is unspecified. In other words, present perfect is listed under the present tense because the event usually took place just now or recently.

I have written a few lines already. It took place recently. My husband and I have known each other for five years now. Even though the time is mentioned here, the action is still ongoing or continuing into the present—we still know each other. He has been on an exchange program to Sweden. For example:. She has eaten the pie all by herself. The focus is on the result of the action—the pie is now finished by her!

For regular verbs, the participle and simple past forms are the same. For irregular verbs, the participle forms must be memorized. By now, you understand the key differences between the past simple and the present perfect. Here are a few simple and short quizzes and exercises that test your understanding of these two tenses. In that case, FluentU is the perfect educational app to brush up your knowledge of the tenses and take your English skills to the next level.

FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons. Each video comes with interactive captions and subtitles so you understand every word while also learning about English culture. You can improve your English right now by signing up for a free trial. I hope this post has cleared the confusion between the present perfect and the past simple tenses.

Now you know how you can still use present tense to talk about a past event. Yes, the English language is curious like that. Archita Mittra is a freelance writer, journalist, editor and educator. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos.

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What's the difference? Present Perfect and Past Simple

Simple Past and Present Perfect contrasted. We ate out yesterday. Choose either the present perfect or the past simple to go into each sentence. Do you need help? Free Practice Tests for learners of English. Yesterday I forgot my dictionary at home; so, I borrowed another one from my classmate.

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Click here for more information about the present perfect tense Click here for more information about the past simple tense. Remember: We use the past simple for past events or actions which have no connection to the present. We use the present perfect for actions which started in the past and are still happening now OR for finished actions which have a connection to the present. Present perfect or past simple exercise 1 Present perfect or past simple exercise 2 Present perfect or past simple exercise 3 Present perfect or past simple exercise 4. Need more practice?

Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. The difference is the following:. Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present.

Do not expect mastery by the end of the lesson — it takes a long time to be assimilated. Check students know the Past Simple and past participle forms of common irregular verbs. If your class is going to experience too much difficulty in comprehension then spend some time on the Grammar Reference Section in your textbook and definitely assign for homework after the presentation in class.

Present perfect / past simple

Present perfect vs past simple PDF

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Difference between present perfect simple and past tense - grammar exercise. A collection of English ESL Present perfect or past simple tense worksheets for home learning, online practice, distance learning and English classes to teac English ESL Worksheets

Use the simple past when the action started in the past, finished in the past, and is not continuing now. Use the present perfect when the action started in the past and is continuing now. The simple past tells us that an action happened at a certain time in the past, and is not continuing anymore. It doesn't tell us anything about when an action happened, so more information needs to be given with this verb form, such as when the action took place. The present perfect tells us that an action started in the past and it is still happening now, or it is something that happens regularly.

Present perfect vs past simple exercises

How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy.

August 16, - Fill in the blanks with a suitable tense form. T - Past and Present … 2. The past participle is the same as the past form for regular verbs.

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Present Perfect vs. Past Simple: Learn the Key Differences and Never Confuse the Two Again

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